Sunday, April 28, 2013

Diseases of the ear

Diseases of the ear
Diseases of the ear for human health are very dangerous, because the ear is a complex organ, responsible not only for the perception of sound, but also for balance. The ear of a person, it is also the vestibular apparatus.
     Treatment ear as, in general, treatment of diseases is an important issue in health. It is no coincidence some diseases it may lead to the breakdown of motor function, orientation in space.
    Ear, it's paired organ with a complex structure. Hearing "apparatus" of the person consists of the pinna and external auditory canal, includes middle and inner ear.
    Function of the outer and middle ear - to capture and hold sounds. The inner ear is equipped with two types of receptors that are responsible for sound reproduction and for the position of the body in space.

    Experts distinguish between inflammatory and non-inflammatory, as well as fungal infections and ear diseases consequence of the injuries (usually in athletes).
    The most common ear disease - associated with inflammatory processes. Most prevalent otitis (outer, middle, inner), otosclerosis, labyrinthitis.
    You should know that ear infections are often the result of a viral or infectious disease. For example, otitis media can occur either as an explicit festering on a limited area of ​​the body and look like a boil, and hit all the hearing aid.
    Differentiate between chronic and acute inflammation. Often, with the proviso that the treatment of otitis media promptly started, inflammation can be cured quickly and without repeated relapses.
    But when the patient is taking belated action or engaged in self-treatment, complications of otitis media gives, whose treatment is delayed, and the disease could become chronic.
    The pain and itching in the ear canal - the first signs of ear disease, namely inflammation of the outer ear. Sometimes, early in the disease, a person begins to hear the worst. In the event of a severe inflammation of the patient noted redness of the ear, and even sepsis.
    Considering the Ear, it should be said about the inflammation of the middle ear, in which the body temperature rises and significantly worse hearing. In this case, the patient experiences severe, shooting pain in the ear, as in purulent otitis appear purulent-spotting.
    In some cases, otitis media, is postponed treatment may not only cause of the disease goes into a "chronic", but also cause damage to the tympanic membrane.
    Signs of inflammation, when suffering the inner ear are severe dizziness, rapid hearing loss and "Run Games' eyes - a man can not fix the look.
    Otitis external ear can go to inflammation of the middle ear. This does not exclude the development labyrinthitis, with delayed treatment, and in some extreme cases, may develop meningitis - brain abscess or septicemia. Do not underestimate the diseases of the ear - you should always take into account the severity of their consequences.
    Acute otitis media occurs as a result of the introduction of bacteria into the middle ear nose and throat infectious diseases. When suffering from inflammation of the middle or inner ear, and the treatment is carried out properly and develops a complication, it is fraught with facial palsy and profound hearing loss.
    I must say that inflammatory diseases of the ear fairly common category of disease complex organ, but not the only one. Non-inflammatory diseases of the ear is also not unusual. It is often otosclerosis - hereditary disease where the bone hit the ear capsule.
    Otosclerosis can cause hearing loss in humans. Tinnitus, dizziness, and persistent hearing loss - signs of Meniere's syndrome, which can develop into disease. Meniere's disease affects the inner ear, and it is characterized by increased amount of fluid in the inner ear.
    The accumulated fluid puts pressure on the cells regulating vestibular processes. Debilitating bouts of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, ringing in the ears - characteristic signs of the disease. And if the manifestations of the disease can be reduced, then it is a consequence of both progressive hearing loss will be inevitable.
    In the description of the ears is such a disease as vestibular neuritis of the eighth cranial nerve. It also leads to permanent hearing loss. Non-inflammatory diseases of the ear is treated with therapeutic methods, but in order to dramatically improve the condition of the patient is used surgical methods.
 Ear disease in humans can also cause yeast infections. The vast majority of fungal pathogens of diseases of the ear, it's opportunistic fungi. Fungal Diseases of the ear is very worthy of serious consideration.
    In 18% of inflammation of the outer and middle ear is the cause of the infection by the fungus, which is determined by the evolution of the ear, constant itching and noise in the ear. Depending on the type of fungus-causing disease that affects the body, the disease occurs with different intensities and different symptoms.
    Fungus may be affected as the outer and the inner and middle ear. Chronic fungal diseases require long-term treatment. Also do not forget that the very appearance of the fungus in the ear is not always provokes ear disease.
    Usually, fungal diseases develop on the background of a weakened immune system, metabolic disorders, chronic diseases. Quite often there are fungal infections in diabetics.
    Non-inflammatory diseases of the ear must diagnose and treat a doctor. It is worth noting that the most effective is a comprehensive approach to the examination of the body, which allows to identify the cause of the disease of the hearing organ.

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