Tuesday, April 30, 2013

Inflammatory diseases of the eye

Inflammatory diseases of the eye
 In this article we will discuss inflammatory diseases of the eye. And the first thing with which we begin, it is blepharitis.

    Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelid margins. Occur quite often. Patients concerned about the itching and redness of the eyelid margins, the feeling of debris in his eyes.

     The causes of blepharitis are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diathesis, diabetes, vitamin deficiencies, improper glasses.

    You should know that the correct treatment of blepharitis can only assign an ophthalmologist. In general, we have to take it a rule that the treatment of diseases begins with a consultation with a doctor.

    Go to the next type of inflammatory diseases of the eye, it is conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is the most common inflammatory diseases of the eye. With this condition seek medical advice over a third of the total number of patients suffering from inflammatory diseases of the eye on.

    The causes of conjunctivitis may be bacteria, viruses, chlamydia. These infectious conjunctivitis. The infection can get into the eyes with dirty hands, while bathing in dirty water, when dealing with a sick conjunctivitis.

    Conjunctivitis can occur with colds, for various colds, flu. Patients wake up in the morning with glued eyelashes. Eyes red. May be weak or pronounced swelling of the eyelids.

    Disease often starts in one eye, and then proceeds to another. Also noted muco-purulent (for bacterial) or mucous (for viral conjunctivitis), discharge, watery eyes.

    There are inflammatory diseases of the eye such as allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis caused by hypersensitive person to any drug or substance (dust, pollen, wool, and other domestic animals.) These conjunctivitis is not contagious. Worried red eyes, watery eyes.

    All conjunctivitis require access to a specialist ophthalmologist, who will appoint the necessary case by case treatment. Self-medication can cause a variety of complications, such as the transition of acute or chronic conjunctivitis in reduced vision due to inflammation of the cornea.

    Continuing with the question, inflammatory diseases of the eye, we turn to the question of keratitis. Keratitis - inflammation of the cornea.

    Reasons keratitis may be bacteria, viruses, fungi. Keratitis can occur when there is an infection in the body: tuberculosis, syphilis, herpes infection, diseases of the sinuses (sinusitis), inflammation of the lacrimal sac.

    If the damage of the cornea, for example, when hitting a tree branch in the eye, the infection penetrates the cornea and is developing bacterial keratitis.

    Among the viral keratitis are the most common herpes (herpes is caused by a virus), and adenovirus (called adenovirus).

    Herpetic keratitis is often accompanied by a rash of herpes vesicles on the lips or on the skin of the nose and eyelids. The adenovirus may arise after suffering colds and sore throats.

    Inflammatory diseases of the eyes accompanied by redness eye pain, photophobia, tearing, foreign body sensation, a sharp decline in visual acuity. When bacterial keratitis observed abundant purulent discharge from the eye.

    It is strictly forbidden to self-medicate. You should immediately consult an ophthalmologist who prescribed the correct treatment.

     If necessary the hospitalization eye department. Improper treatment of keratitis may lead to penetration of infection into the eye and to the partial or complete loss of vision.

    Now let's look at inflammatory diseases of the eye, particularly the choroid: iritis, iridocyclitis, horioidity.
A distinction is inflammation of the anterior choroidal (iritis and iridocyclitis) and inflammation of her posterior (horioidity).

    Developed by ingestion of infection in the choroid through the vessels. The infection can get into the eye from the outside with keratitis, with penetrating injuries of the eyeball, after eye surgery.

    As well as the presence within the body site of infection, e.g., tuberculosis, rheumatoid diseases, syphilis, inflammatory diseases of the ear, nose, throat, teeth, and other

    Iritis, an inflammation of the iris. Typically, iridocyclitis holds, then there is an inflammation of the iris and ciliary body as these two sections are closely linked vessels.

    Such inflammatory diseases of the eye begin acutely. In the eye there are bursting pain, there photophobia, lacrimation, eye red, sharply reduced vision.

Pain increases sharply at night and are sometimes unbearable. Severe pain caused by the presence in the iris ciliary body and a large number of nerve endings.

    When horioiditah complaints of pain in the eye, photophobia, lacrimation available, as in the choroid no sensitive nerve endings. Visual acuity decreases only when the inflammatory focus occurs closer to the central area of ​​the retina.

    The patient was concerned about the flash of light in front of the eye, the distortions considered letters and objects. If inflammatory foci appear on the periphery, the visual acuity is not changed.

    For symptoms of iridocyclitis need an urgent appeal to the eye doctor, who will prescribe the necessary treatment. Typically, the patient is placed in a hospital where treatment, as well as a full examination of the body to identify the sites of infection.

    Improper treatment of iridocyclitis can lead to serious complications (development of complicated cataract, increased intraocular pressure, inflammation of the optic nerve), up to a total loss of vision. At the time begun treatment of iridocyclitis favorable outcome.

    For early detection of inflammatory foci in the choroid is necessary once a year have a full eye examination with dilated pupils and a thorough examination of the fundus.

    And, in general, should be strictly learn that inflammatory diseases of the eye, it is a serious illness that require an indispensable reference to the doctor, to self-medicate is strictly prohibited!

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