Sunday, April 28, 2013


Headache is one of the most common complaints. Although most headache is not a sign of serious illness, yet there are times when she needs medical care, as well as treatment of diseases not associated with headache.
If the headache is stronger than ever before, you urgently need medical help. If you are pregnant and you have headaches, discuss this problem with your doctor.
About 90% of all headaches are one of three categories: tension headache, headache associated with increased blood pressure, cluster headache and migraine.
Tension headache is often accompanied by muscle tension back and shoulders. It can be caused by emotional and psychological stress, depression and anxiety.

    Problems with pressure are the most common cause of headache. If you have chronic headache (3 or more times a week for several months), contact your doctor.
Cluster (still talking histamine-dependent), headache, usually very strong. Most often, they are middle-aged men. Cluster headache increases rapidly and lasts from 30 minutes to 2 hours. No signs foretelling the offensive end or cluster headache attack, does not exist.
The next type of headache is migraine. Migraine is associated with changes in the nervous system and the release of certain chemicals in the brain and the dilation of blood vessels.By the possible triggers of migraine include hunger, fatigue, bright lights, alcohol, caffeine, anxiety, stress, certain medications, environmental factors, and some of the products.
Now let's see what the symptoms are manifested in the tension-type headache.
Tension headache is accompanied by a constant throbbing headache, there is a sense of tension, pressure in the head and neck, the person feels discomfort that is slightly increased during the execution of daily affairs.
It should be noted that a tension headache can be easily removed if you know how to relax through meditation, hypnosis, music or video support.
Stress management technique will also help you to prevent tension headaches.
Symptoms cluster headaches include: - a constant acute pain in the eye, often repeated in the same time of day, - redness of the eye, lacrimation and nasal nostril (one side face) - eyelid edema eye.
If you have a cluster headache, it is not recommended to take a supine position, it can only worsen the condition. Conventional non-prescription pain medications may not help against cluster headaches. Consult your doctor, he may prescribe a special medication or other treatment to offer.
Headache symptoms of migraine is characterized by throbbing with increasing degree of pain intensity, concentration of pain, usually on one side of the head, increased pain with walking or any activity; painful sensitivity to light, nausea.
About 20% of people suffering from migraines, see bright spots or flashes of light immediately before the start of the next attack of headache. These symptoms are called an aura. Some people in front of a migraine attack is a sharp burst of energy.
In most cases, migraine requires professional diagnosis and medical treatment. Consult your doctor and discuss your treatment. Your doctor may prescribe medication to relieve pain.
You should know that rare headaches that do not cause much discomfort can be easily removed by yourself.
It is recommended to see a doctor for repeated headaches, headaches that appear after a head injury in the last 18 months, as well as severe headaches, lasting more than 3 days.
If the headache is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, if the pain is very sharp or acute, if the headache is accompanied by fever and stiff neck (unable to press the chin to the chest) or weakness of the arms and legs or numbness, difficulty of speech, blurred vision, uneven gait, that requires immediate treatment for medical help.
Having considered the types of headaches, be sure to know how you can help yourself to get rid of it. For this you need to do special exercises to relax, to take non-prescription drugs - aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen.
However, they should not be abused. Too frequent use of these drugs can lead to so-called effect of kickback and headache appear again.
Children should not be given acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), as it can lead to a dangerous condition called Reye's syndrome (hepatolenticular syndrome).
In general, to get rid of a headache to try to relax, rest or sleep in a dark quiet place, the head should be kept elevated, to put a cool compress on his head, take a cool shower, massage the muscles of the neck and shoulders.
If you want to get rid of a headache, you should perform preventive measures.
When the headache of any type is recommended to keep a special diary. This will identify the most common causes of headaches. In the diary to bring about meals, sleep mode, physical exercise, work and home affairs.
Women also need to write about menstruation, because hormonal changes can also affect the headache.
To prevent headaches, avoid any triggers that you were able to determine with the help of a diary.
Try to follow the regime. Eat about the same time 3-6 times a day, in small portions. Get enough sleep, go to bed and get up at the same time, do regular exercises or sports.
If possible, avoid stress. Headaches are often the result of fatigue, stress, emotional disorders. If you smoke, it is recommended as soon as possible to quit this habit. Smoking can trigger or exacerbate them.
And, in fact, need to take it a rule that is very frequent or intense headaches require treatment to the doctor. Only a doctor can accurately determine the cause of headaches, if necessary, conducting more tests. And the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment, and in some cases offer hospitalization for detailed examination and selection of therapy.

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