Saturday, May 11, 2013

Scoliosis - Causes

Scoliosis - Causes
   In 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This idiopathic scoliosis. It develops most often in children and adolescents and is associated with several factors, including genetics and heredity.
There are two types of scoliosis: structural and nonstructural. 

Nonstructural scoliosis involves curvature of the spine, without bias, which is reversible, due to such factors as:

  • Pain or muscle spasms.
  • Inflammatory disease, such as appendicitis.
  • The difference in leg length.
    Structural scoliosis involves curvature of the spine with an offset, which is irreversible and is usually caused by unknown factors (idiopathic scoliosis), or diseases such as:

  • Congenital defects, such as congenital spinal hernia, in which the spinal column does not close properly, or a disease that affects the bone formation. 5% -7% of cases are caused by congenital scoliosis spine pathologies that cause a curvature of the spine rigidity compared to the induction of idiopathic scoliosis. Takie distortion often compounded with the growth of the child, especially in the teenage years.
  • Damage to the nerves and muscles, such as cerebral palsy, Marfan syndrome or muscular dystrophy.
  • Injury.
  • Injections.
  • Tumors.
    In adults, scoliosis can lead to changes in the spine associated with aging (degenerative changes). These degenerative changes may be caused by osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.

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